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Top 10 Open Source Web Crawler in 2024


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The evolution of web data collection technologies has expanded the boundaries of accessing and processing information. In this blog post, we compare the 10 most popular open source web crawlers used to collect and process web data. 

The software we chose; Scrapy, Beautiful Soup, Apache Nutch, Crawler4j, Katana, Puppeteer, Selenium, Mechanize, Jsoup, and Cheerio are each known for their standout features in their respective niches. 

Our Benchmarking is based on Language Support, Performance and Scalability, Flexibility and Customizability, Ease of Use, Fault Tolerance and Reliability, JavaScript Support, Robots.txt Compatibility, Proxy and Spin Support, Data Output Formats, API and Integration Support, Number of Commits, Number of Developers, Stars criterias.



Scrapy is an advanced web crawling and scraping framework based on Python. It stands out with its high performance, scalable structure and flexible customization options. It offers support for data collection from modern websites, data processing and various output formats. It is ideal for complex scraping operations with its ability to process JavaScript content and wide API support.

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Beautiful Soup

Beautiful Soup is a Python library used to extract data from HTML and XML files. It is known for its user-friendliness and ability to quickly parse web pages. Although JavaScript support is limited, it's perfect for simple to medium-sized scraping.

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Apache Nutch

Apache Nutch is a scalable and high-performance web crawler developed with Java. It stands out with its ability to work on large data sets and wide customization options. It is generally preferred for search engines and data analysis projects.

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Crawler4j is a simple and easy-to-use web crawling library for Java developers. It's suitable for basic web crawling needs, but it has limitations, especially when working with JavaScript-heavy sites.

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Katana is a next-generation crawling and spidering framework that is designed to be fast, efficient, and scalable. It can be used for a variety of purposes, including web scraping, security scanning, and penetration testing.

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Puppeteer is the Node library for Google Chrome Headless and Chromium. It stands out with its ability to process dynamic content, page manipulation and create automatic test scenarios.

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Selenium is a set of tools used to interact with web applications, primarily for test automation. It offers multiple programming language support and wide integration options. It can render JavaScript content in the native browser environment.

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Mechanize is a Python library that enables automatic interaction with websites. It facilitates operations such as form submission and link tracking. JavaScript support is limited.

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Jsoup is a library written in Java, used to extract data from HTML and parse documents. It stands out with its ease of use and effective parsing capabilities.

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Cheerio enables working with HTML documents using a fast, flexible and jQuery-like syntax in the Node.js environment. It effectively renders static HTML content on the server side.

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Language Support

This criterion refers to the programming language(s) in which the web crawler is written and its ability to develop using these languages. For example, Scrapy and Beautiful Soup are written in Python, which means they may be more suitable for developers who know Python. While Java is the language of choice for tools like Crawler4j and Apache Nutch, Puppeteer and Cheerio cater to developers with JavaScript. Selenium, on the other hand, provides multi-language support and can be used in languages such as Java, C# and Python.


Performance indicates the crawler's page loading and processing speed, as well as how effectively it can handle large volumes of data retrieval. A high performance value indicates that the tool can perform data collection operations quickly and effectively. For example, Scrapy and Apache Nutch have high performance, making them ideal for large-scale projects.


Scalability refers to a web crawler's ability to meet requirements of varying sizes, from small-scale projects to large-scale data extractions. Tools with high scalability can effectively deal with increasing data volume and complexity.

Flexibility and Customizability

This feature refers to a crawler's ability to pull data from a variety of data sources and structures, as well as its adjustability to users' specific needs. High flexibility and customizability means the tool can adapt to the structure of different websites and complex data collection requirements.

Ease of Use

Ease of use refers to how quickly and easily developers can learn and use a web crawler. Tools with high ease of use generally have more intuitive interfaces and comprehensive documentation.

Fault Tolerance and Reliability

This criterion measures a web crawler's ability to handle errors it encounters and deliver stable performance during long-term operation. High fault tolerance and reliability mean that the vehicle can continue to operate efficiently in the face of unexpected situations and errors.

JavaScript Support

JavaScript support refers to a crawler's ability to pull data from JavaScript-enriched web pages. High JavaScript support provides a significant advantage in data extraction from websites with dynamic content.

Robot.txt Compatibility

This indicates whether the web crawler follows the crawling rules set by site owners, respecting websites' robot.txt files. Robot.txt compliance indicates that the tool complies with ethical web browsing practices.

Proxy and Rotation Support

Proxy and spin support refers to a web crawler's ability to use proxy servers to bypass IP restrictions and maintain anonymity while browsing. This feature is especially important for data extraction from websites with strict browsing policies.

Data Output Formats

This criterion specifies the formats in which a web crawler can export the data it collects. Various data output formats allow collected data to be easily integrated with different applications and services.

API and Integration Support

API and integration support refers to a web crawler's ability to integrate with external systems, databases, and other tools. Broad API and integration support means the tool can work compatible with different technological ecosystems.


In this blog, we compared the most preferred web crawler software in 2024 according to different criterias. As a result, we can say that there is no "best" web crawler software, there are web crawler softwares those can be preferred depending on the project, the language used in the project, the scale of the project and the requirements of the project.

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